Sustainable Approaches of Trichoderma under Changing Environments for Vegetable Production

Document Type : Review


1 Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Sakha, Kafr El-Sheikh

2 Agricultural Research Centre, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Giza 12619, Egypt

3 Agriculture Microbiology Department, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute (SWERI), Sakha Agricultural Research Station, Agriculture Research Center (ARC), Kafr El-Sheikh

4 Horticulture Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University

5 Physiology & Breeding of Horticultural Crops Laboratory, Horticulture Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University

6 Agricultural Microbiology, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Giza, Egypt

7 Soil and Water Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt


The world’s burgeoning population faces a great challenge concerning food security, which could be achieved through different sustainable agricultural practices. Trichoderma, as a ubiquitous fungus, is one of the most promising microorganisms that might offer several avenues for sustainable agriculture. Trichoderma spp. may guarantee a better solution for conventional problems in agriculture through several approaches including the protection of cultivated plants from undesirable abiotic and biotic conditions under changing environments and promoting their growth in poor or limited soil nutrients. The promising role of Trichoderma for vegetable production as a biocontrol and biofertilizers has been confirmed but this role of Trichoderma as a plant pathogen still needs more studies. Trichoderma could inhibit or suppress the growth of soil phytopathogens, promoting plant growth and soil health, through activation of many mechanisms including synthesis of antibiotics, mycoparasitism and competition for nutrients against plant deleterious microorganisms. The sustainable approaches of Trichoderma including biofortification, bio-remediation and phyto-remediation as well as exploring future research opportunities will be also handled in this work.


Main Subjects