Biodiversity Resources: A case Study of Egyptian Natural Reserves and Botanical Gardens

Document Type : Review


1 Soil and Water Dept., Kafrelsheikh Uni.

2 Plant Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering Division, National Research Center, 33-El-Behouth St., 12622 Dokki, Giza, Egypt


Many human activities have led to biodiversity loss including the degradation of habitats, the overuse of natural resources, invasive species outbreaks, deforestation, and climate changes. Egypt is located in a distinguished area in the North of Africa, which depends on the existence of the Nile River and its Delta beside both Mediterranean and Red Sea. This location gave Egypt several features as a suitable place for many migrant birds from Europe beside its habitation for several and rare plant species. So, the Egyptian government established several protected areas (about 30 beside 14 will be in the near future), however, these places still need more concerns especially from the point of view of biodiversity. In this study, it was highlighted only on three famous protectorates (i.e., Siwa Oasis, Burullus Lake and Shalateen region) and three botanical gardens (Al-Azhar park, Orman and Aswan botanical garden) in Egypt. This work is a call by EBSS to receive more different articles (original papers, reviews or short communications) about the biodiversity from different places all over the world. The main five habitats and ecosystems in Egypt include desert habitat, marine habitat, wetlands habitat, artificial habitat, and fresh water habitat system. This call will be a great support on different types of biodiversity including soil, water and plant biodiversity. Several open questions concerning this theme are still need to be answered such as what are the expected results on the global biodiversity in soil and water after the COVID-19 spreading?


Main Subjects