Productivity Maximizing of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) through Optimized Use of compost and compost tea under different levels of Mineral Fertilizers

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Agricultural Microbiology, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Giza, Egypt

2 Agricultural Research Center, Department of Vegetable Research, Horticultural Research Institute, Giza 12112, Egypt;

Abstract

During the growing summers of 2020 and 2021, two field experiments were conducted at the Sakha Agric. Res. Station farm in Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt to improve cucumber plant "hybrid Prince" vegetative growth, yield, and quality by using of organic soil amendments (compost) and foliar spray (compost tea), under different levels of mineral fertilizers. Cucumber plants were treated with T1: control (100 % NPK), T2: 100 % NPK + compost, T3: 75 % NPK + compost, and T4: 50 % NPK + compost, T5: 100 % NPK + foliar spray with compost tea, T6: 75 % NPK + foliar spray with compost tea, and T7: 50 % NPK + foliar spray with compost tea in a completely randomized block design with three replicates.
Over the control plant (T1), the application of a combination treatment with 100 % NPK + compost (T2) as soil amendments and 75 % NPK + foliar spray with compost tea (T6) as a foliar spray resulted in significant increases in vegetative growth (leaf area (cm2), leaves dry matter %, and number of female flowers/plant), fruit length (cm), fruit diameter (cm), early and total fruit yield (t fed-1 ), and this was reflected on increased total soluble solids, N, P and K % in leaves as well as chlorophyll content.
So that, 100 % NPK + soil amendments with compost and 75 % NPK + foliar spray with compost tea treatment had a superior effect to improve yield and quality of the cucumber plant.

Keywords


Volume 6, Issue 2022
2022
Pages 181-189
  • Receive Date: 18 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 06 July 2022
  • Accept Date: 06 July 2022
  • First Publish Date: 06 July 2022