Document Type : Original Article
Sakha Agri. Res. stat., soil water and environment Res. Ins. (SWERI), Agri. Res. Cen. (ARC
The degradation of soil characteristics caused by salinity and sodicity gives rise to severe limitations on crop production. Therefore, the current study was conducted in a split block design with three replicates during the winter (2019/2020) and summer (2020) seasons at Sakha Agriculture Research Station Farm, Kafr El-Sheikh Gov., Egypt to study the integrated effect of gypsum with mycorrhizae fungi inoculation to improve saline-sodic soil properties and bacterial communities, physiological and productivity of wheat and maize plants. The treatments included different soil gypsum levels (G0: none, G1: 7.5 Mg ha-1, and G2: 10 Mg ha-1) of the requirements and mycorrhizal fungi inoculation (without inoculationAMF0 and inoculated AMF1). The results showed that the combination of G2 + AMF1 caused significant changes in the photosynthetic activity, antioxidant enzyme activities (catalase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase), mycorrhizal root colonization, total bacterial counts, P solubilizer bacteria, and respiration of microbial soil in the Rhizosphere of wheat and maize. In addition, after two growing seasons, electrical conductivity (EC) decreased from 7.09 to 4.57 dS m-1, exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) from 19.35 to 15.47 and soil bulk density (BD) from 1.38 to 1.31 Mg m-3. While the exchangeable calcium percentage (ECaP) increased from 11.51 to 15.47, available phosphorus (Av. P) from 8.19 to 11.17 mg kg-1, infiltration rate (IR) from 0.7 to 0.97 cm hr-1, and total porosity (TP) from 47.92 to 50.44 % and G2 + AMF1 treatment gave the highest grain yield of wheat and maize were 7.72 and 8.52 Mg ha-1, respectively.