Document Type : Review
Vegetable crops Department , Agriculture and Biological Division- National Research Centre
Vegetable Crops Dept., Agriculture and Biological Research Institute, National Research Centre, 33 El Behouth St., Dokki, 12622 Giza, Egypt
College of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021 China
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt
Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kafrelsheikh, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt
Soil and Water Dept., Kafrelsheikh Uni.
Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, 138 Böszörményi Street, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Water is the main limiting factor of our life and any human activity. In all our life activities including agriculture and industry, water has a vital role in these previous sectors. This reflects the importance of water especially under many global challenges (mainly climate changes, global explosion of population, soil degradation, desertification and hunger). The using of water in irrigation is very common practice in agriculture because no agriculture without water. The management of irrigation water has become one of the urgent needs nowadays under the terrible progress of the bioinformatic technology. The smart irrigation is considered one of the most common applications in smart or precision agriculture. The main components of smart irrigation system may include soil, weather and plant sensors such as soil moisture sensor controllers, evapotranspiration controllers, and rain sensors. This work is an attempt to answer one question about the smart irrigation whether it is important strategy to overcome the global water crisis or not. This is also a call by Environment, Biodiversity and Soil Security (EBSS) for receiving articles on smart irrigation, different applications of smart irrigation in smart agriculture, their challenges, their obstacles and the novel solutions in this concern. This topic has several open questions needs to be answered.