Stressful Environments and Sustainable Soil Management: A Case Study of Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt

Document Type : Review


1 Soil and Water Dept., Kafrelsheikh Uni.

2 Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh, University 33516, Egypt.

3 Central laboratory for environmental studies, Kafrelsheikh University,33516, Egypt.

4 Agricultural Microbiology, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Giza, Egypt

5 Microbiology department, Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center.

6 Soil Sciences Dept., National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (NARSS), Cairo, Egypt

7 Biological and Environmental Sciences Department, Faculty of Home Economic, Al-Azhar University, 31511, Egypt

8 Vegetable crops Department , Agriculture and Biological Division- National Research Centre


Stressed environments have long been a question of great interest in a wide range of fields. So, many considerable literatures have grown up around this theme. In Egypt, there are several common problems related to the stressed environments. These stresses include decline of soil fertility, soil salinity and alkalinity, soil water logging, salt-affected soils, soil pollution, climate change, over-population growth, urban sprawl, land degradation, deterioration of natural resources, etc. More generally, national income will decline and will in turn result in the spread of social and political problems. Kafr El-Sheikh governorate can be considered one of the most important areas in Egypt, which calls "the governorate of the hope and the future" due to its location and wealths. Whereas, this governorate suffers from the most common stresses in Egypt including pollution, salinity, alkalinity and waterlogging. Great problems have been recorded in Kafr El-Sheikh related to stressed environments and suggested solutions also have been addressed. Therefore, a sustainable management should be adapted for overcoming these stressed environments in Kafr El-Sheikh.


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